It is important to know a little history about every country you become resident of. So in this new series, we are going to take Green Views’ tenants through certain historic events, people, and things that are part of the history of Ghana. Let us begin with the national flag.

Every country has a national flag. Every flag has what it represents. Some represent bravery, others freedom, and still others power.

The Ghana national flag was designed in 1957 by the late Theodosia Okoh and has four colors— red, gold, green, and a black five-pointed star in the centre of the gold stripe. It is the second African flag after the flag of the Ethiopian Empire to feature these colors.

The red represents the blood of those who died for the struggle for independence from colonial masters Great Britain.

The gold also represents the country’s abundant mineral resources. As you may be aware, Ghana is the second country in Africa after South Africa with the largest gold reserves. It also has bauxite in large commercial quantities.

The green as can be rightly guessed, symbolizes the rich forests and natural wealth. Ghana is rich in green vegetation and has lots of natural wealth such as timber which has long been one of the country’s leading exports.

Cape Coast Castle

And lastly, the black star. The black star is a symbol of African emancipation from slavery. As it is rightly known, Ghana is the first country in Africa to gain independence. And it needed a symbol to inspire other African countries to also fight for freedom, hence, the black star.